A considerable amount of additional solid waste approximately m3 or 1, metric tons is expected to be created through rehabilitation of soils and concrete structures. In most of this waste, radionuclide concentrations will meet standards for low-level waste. It would be expedient to apply technology to reduce this volume in order to remove it from the site to a longer term stor- age facility or to transport it to local industrial waste landfills.
There are some approved technologies developed for this purpose, which must be adapted to conditions at the site. Liquid Radioactive Waste Approximately m3 of liquid waste is present in liquid waste storage facilities, closed areas of Building 1, and spent nuclear fuel containers at the onsite temporary solid-waste storage facility. An additional volume of about m3 is expected to be created as a result of decontamination of facilities and floating vessels.
Most of the approximately. However, the government has already prepared a draft directive on revoking the special status and grants. About 3, citizens live in Ostrovnoi. Because of the remoteness and lack of surface transport, costs of public utilities are about 10 times higher than the average for Russia as a whole. Such technology considering the tonnage of possible containerships and. In order to make comparative evaluations of the labor intensiveness of the various operations, they have been classified into eight groups, as shown in Table Twelve are considered as priority projects; they are already being implemented.
Total cost data relating to the projects are given in Table Donor countries are providing active financial and technical support for this remediation activity. The assessment showed that environmental remediation work at the site could take 12 to 20 years, depending on various technologies that could be used for spent fuel and radioactive waste management. Gorlinsky, V. Kutkov, O. Pavlenko, Yu. Sivintsev, and B. Multifactor analysis application for option selection of end state and en- vironmental remediation strategy for spent nuclear fuel and radioactive waste temporary storage site in Gremikha village.
Gorlinsky, Yu. Kutkov, and N.
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Criteria for environmental rehabilitation of the temporary storage site for spent nuclear fuel and radioactive waste in Gremikha village. Washington, D. Zhukov, V. Papkovsky, Ye. Samarin, B. Stepennov, and N. The coastal base in Gremikha village: Conditions, problems, and propos- als for management of irradiated fuel rods from pressurized water reactors. Crabol, B. Site specific levels for remediation: CEA experience. Available online at www. Additional papers and workshop agenda available at www.
Hygiene requirements for safety and nutritional value of foodstuffs. Sanitary-epidemiological regulations and norms, SanPiN 2. Moscow: InterSEN, pp. Nikolsky, B. Papkovsky, Yu. Sivintsev, B. Stepennov, et al. Gremikha Coastal Maintenance Base: Conditions, problems, and prospects for environmental remediation. Izvestiya Akademii Nauk: Energetika, No. Nikolsky, Yu. Challenges of the environmental remediation of the former Russian Navy coastal maintenance base in Gremikha village in terms of development predictions and tendencies of the closed administrative city of Ostrovnoi, Murmansk Oblast.
Selection of Decommissioning strategies: Issues and Factors. Vienna: IAEA. Release of sites from regulatory control on termination of practices. Safety Guide No. Kurchatov Institute. Analysis of conditions, development, and implementation of proposals on urgent actions to ensure environmental remediation of the Gremikha facility.
Emergency preparedness and remediation
Implementation of total engineering and radiation study of marine areas at the spent nuclear fuel and radioactive waste temporary storage site in Gremikha village SevRAO OB 2 area. Kutkov, V. ANRI 1 48 in Russian. Tkachenko, and V. Radiation safety of nuclear power station plant personnel. Textbook, V. Kutkov, ed. Pillette, L. Moscow, 50 pp. Sivintsev, Yu. Vakulovsky, A.
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Vasiliev, et al. Moscow: IzdAT in Russian. Vysotsky, R. Kalinin, V.
Aden, and A. Quantitative criteria for the site remediation of coastal technical bases. Nuclear Energy 1 in Russian. Radiation hygiene certificate OB No. Ostrovnoi, 4 pp. This activity was organized by the National Academies in cooperation with the Russian Academy of Sciences and with funding provided by the Russell Family Foundation. The workshop was designed to promote exchanges of information on specific contaminated sites in Russia and elsewhere and to stimulate greater attention to the severity of the problems and the urgent need to clean up sites of concern to the local and international communities.
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Holdings: Radioecology and the restoration of radioactive-contaminated sites
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